Symptoms: First signs usually include lethargy, inapettence and fever. A deep cough is also present with progressive dyspnea, “blowing” of the lips (noted especially during exercise). Complications (Pleuritis, Mediastinitis) are also possible
Cause: acute or chronic inflammation of the lungs and bronchii. The most usual cause is viral infection of the lower respiratory tract (canine distemper virus, adenovirus type 1 and 2, parainfluenza virus) that predispose to secondary bacterial lung infections.
Duration: few days
First aid: rest in warm and dry environment.
Prevention: none (or avoiding the offending agents)
Treatment: correction of anemia (if present), oxygen therapy, broad spectrum antibiotics, soft palatable diet. Antimicrobial therapy should be continued for at least 10 days after clinical signs resolve.
Therapy success: 70 to 100%
Convalescence: few days to few weeks